The Hierarchy of Needs was a theory that develops by a physiologist named Abraham Maslow. He was developing the theory and introduced it to the public in 1943 through his proposed paper that titled a Theory of Human Motivation. Since it introduced to the public, the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory has been made a significant impact to the every life aspect in people’s life. This theory can give the people more spirit and motivation so they can manage their life very well. The Maslows hierarchy of needs is describing the reality of most people life experience accurately. This theory is very popular among the people because Maslow describe it with some features of experience that people might be had in their life so they van understand it and they can behave and identify the situation by using hierarchy of needs theory.
Abraham Maslow actually was a humanistic psychologist who did not believe in mechanical forces that push and pull the human which is actually one of the stimuli of behaviour and psychoanalyse. The humanistic physiologists are believed in the human potential that human can struggle to reach the success. Human are looking for the creativity in order to reach the highest wisdom and also the logic think. People who can reach the highest wisdom and also the logic think are categorized into fully functioning person, healthy personality or the self actualization as Maslow mentioned in his hierarchy of needs theory.
Basically, Maslow develop the hierarchy of needs theory based on intinctoid which is almost similar with the animal instinct. Human, start their life from the weak position or known as infant and then they grow become older. Maslow think that if the infant life in a good environment, they will grow up well and have good behaviour.
The Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory are divided into five different levels of basic needs. From those five levels of human basic needs, there is the highest position among of all. This is including understanding, aesthetic appreciation and purely spiritual needs. In this five levels of human basic needs, the people do not need to feel satisfy until their next requirement. The five levels of human basic need are drawn in pyramid shape that include physiological needs in the lowest floor, security needs in the second floor, needs of love, affection and ownership in the next floor, esteem needs in the fourth floor, and the last is self-actualization needs in the top of hierarchy.